Tap Into Beer’s History
Beer is an important beverage on the tables of American families, and has been since the 1840s when large numbers of German and Alsatian immigrants flooded into McHenry County.
Many of these immigrants settled in Woodstock. So it should come as no surprise that the city soon housed a relatively large brewery, the Woodstock Brewing and Bottling Co., on the north side of Washington Street, west of Wicker Street. The first brewery, established about 1858, was destroyed or damaged by fire several times prior to 1900. But it always was rebuilt, and each time on a more elaborate scale.
By 1885 the Zimmer, Herman & Co. brewery boasted three immense icehouses, fermenting rooms, cooling and bottling rooms. The brewery also owned several stables and sheds to house a large number of horses and wagons to move grain and beer to and from the surrounding areas.
When fire destroyed the brewery, Jacob Zimmer, Henry Herman, and Emil Arnold built a new facility on the same 5-acre site. The complex included a malt house, malt kiln, brew house, boiler house and bottling and ice houses. Near the brewery was an artificial lake useful for the brewing process. In the winter it provided ice for cooling the beer barrels during the hot summer months. The brewery produced 60,000 barrels a year.
The original McHenry Brewery was built in 1868 by George Gribbler on the southeast corner of Pearl and Green streets. Since its establishment, the brewery was operated by a number of different parties. The time in which it was operated by Gottlieb Boley – and later by his son, Patsy, and son-in-law, Michael Worts – is perhaps the most noteworthy.
It consisted of a frame and brick building complex that today houses the Chain O’ Lakes Brewery. The initial operations in the manufacture of beer were carried out in the frame building. The main brewery equipment – boiler, mash tub, kettle, fermenting vats, refrigeration machinery and well pump – all were located in this structure. The fermenting vats were located in the basement. The equipment for washing and filling the barrels was on the first floor, as was the cooler for warehousing the finished product. The brick building may have been used for bottling and possibly the upper floor was used as the malt house, where barley was allowed to germinate for a short period to produce the malt from which beer was made.
Following Gottlieb Boley’s death, his son, Patsy, and Michael Worts acquired the brewery in 1906. Whether the brewery operated until the beginning of Prohibition is uncertain. There is some evidence to suggest that beer was being made in 1914. The brewery began producing malt extract in 1927 and continued to do so on and off until the repeal of Prohibition in 1933.
That is the time the Huntley Brewing Co. got started.Established in 1934 by George Druggan and his uncle, Edward Riggs, in the old Cornell Brothers’ Creamery on East Coral Street. Beer ran in the famiy’s veins. George’s brother, Terry, was the head of the Chicago based Druggan-Lake gang during Prohibition time, and produced beer that was used throughout the area.
Bottle label from Bel Boy Beer, a product of the Huntley Brewing Co.
The Huntley Brewing Company manufactured a few types of beer, including Bel Boy [sic] beer, Huntley “Maid” beer, Copperhead, and Indian Maid beer. The brewery had to file for bankruptcy just one year after opening. The company remained in operation however until the late 1930s. By that time the brewery was known as Copperhead Brewing Co. Around 1937, the brewery finally shut down.
Small Breweries, Big Taste
The Colorado-based Brewers Association trade group that represents small and independent craft brewers, credited innovation with helping boost popularity of the product. While traditional ingredients like malted barley are used, it is the non-traditional elements – from nuts to nutmeg – that give craft beers their distinctive flavor and have allowed those brewers to capture 11 percent of the American market.
In 2014, craft brewers produced 22.2 million barrels, and saw an 18 percent rise in volume and a 22 percent increase in retail dollar value up to $19.6 billion.
“This steady growth shows that craft brewing is part of a profound shift in American beer culture – a shift that will help craft brewers achieve their ambitious goal of 20 percent market share by 2020,” said association economist Bart Watson in a written statement. “Small and independent brewers are deepening their connection to local beer lovers while continuing to create excitement and attract even more appreciators.”